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Herbs and Spices
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History of Herbs and Spices

Long before the positive thought managed to interpret the miracle of growth and reproduction of plants, magic had assigned to the known species of vegetation supernatural properties; this practice continued to be active among the believers until the Medieval times.
The healing power of a certain herb or spice has always created an immense impression on the mind of the ignorant and superstitious man. Furthermore, his instinctive biases were reinforced by the hallucinatory properties of some "special" herbs, which for this reason were deified and became an indispensable tool in every mystic ritual through the centuries.
Flora has been an important concern of all ancient civilizations.
Herbs and Spices
The most notable uses of herbs and spices in very early times were in medicine, in the making of holy oils and unguents, and as aphrodisiacs. Priests employed them in worship, incantations, and rituals.
Ancient herbals, including those of Greece, Assyria, and Egypt, testify to the use of herbs and spices and in the treatment of diseases. Hippocrates, the Greek "father of medicine" employed them in his everyday practice.
Herbs and spices were for the first time used in food by the Prehistoric Greeks.
Sesame seems have been known and employed as food, for making wine, and for its oil from time immemorial. Garlic and Onions were employed as part of the diet in the very early Greek times. The texts and other documents, which have survived from the antiquity, definitely confirm the knowledge and multiple uses of numerous plants in ancient Greece. The tablets discovered at Knossos, Mycenae and Pylos, dating from the fourteenth and thirteenth century BC, mention among other food provisions a number of aromatic herbs, spices, and plants. By the time of the Archaic Greece more herbs and spices had come into use to flavor food and beverages. By this time, the use of herbs and spices in food was expanded to the rest of the known world, and very soon, herbs and spices became necessary in food preparation.
By Medieval times large quantities of culinary herbs were in use.
In the course of time, Europeans started to import spices from the Oriental markets. These "exotic" spices were very expensive, but finally, with the ascendancy of the western European nations in the Oriental spice trade, these conditions gradually changed, and the aromatic and pungent spices finally came into general use.
On the other hand, the herbs prices throughout the centuries remained moderated. Today, herbs and spices are common to people from all over the globe.
Greece is the country where the top herbs in world level grow, as well as some of the best types of spices. It is worth to point out that Greece is the country where the most valuable and expensive spice; the Greek Red Saffron is cultivated.



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